The permanent teeth begin to appear around the 6 years, from the first molars and inferior central incisors. This process continues until approximately 21 years.Adults have 28 permanent teeth, or up to 32, including third molars (or wisdom teeth).
Tongue Cut or bite, lip or cheek: Apply ice to injured areas to help control swelling. If there is bleeding, apply firm but gentle pressure with a gauze or cloth. If bleeding can not be controlled by simple pressure, call a doctor or visit a hospital emergency room.
Permanent tooth fall: If possible, find the tooth. Handle the crown, not the root. You can rinse the tooth with only water. DO NOT clean with soap, rub or manipulate the tooth unnecessarily. Inspect the tooth for fractures. If it is sound, try to reinsert it into the socket. Have the patient hold the tooth in place by biting into a gauze. If you can not reinsert the tooth, transport the tooth into a cup containing the patient’s saliva or milk. If the patient is old enough, the tooth can also be carried in the patient’s mouth (next to the cheek). The patient should see a dentist IMMEDIATELY! Time is a critical factor in saving the tooth.
Falling from a baby tooth: Contact your pediatric dentist during business hours. This is usually not an emergency, and in most cases, no treatment is needed.
Chipping or Permanent Fractured Tooth: Contact your pediatric dentist immediately. Rapid action can save the tooth, prevent infection and reduce the need for extensive dental treatment. Rinse mouth with water and apply cold compresses to reduce swelling. If possible, look for and save the fragments of broken tooth and take them with you to the dentist.
Chipped or fractured baby fork: Contact your pediatric dentist.
Severe head injury: Take your child to the nearest hospital emergency room.
Possible broken or fractured jaw: Keep your jaw moving and take your child to the nearest hospital emergency room.
After each meal, clean the baby’s gums and teeth with a wipe or gauze wet pad to remove plaque. The easiest way to do this is to sit down, place the child’s head on his or her lap or sit the child on a dresser or on the floor. Whatever position you use, make sure you can see it in your child’s mouth easily.
Healthy eating habits lead to healthy teeth. Like the rest of the body, the teeth, bones and soft tissues of the mouth need a well-balanced diet. Children should eat a variety of foods from the top five food groups. Most snacks that children eat can lead to cavities. The more frequently a child snacks, the greater the chance for tooth decay. How long does the food stay in the mouth also plays a role. For example, candies and breath mints remain in the mouth for a long time, which causes acid attacks already on the tooth enamel. If your child should snack, choose nutritious foods like vegetables, low-fat yogurt, and low-fat cheese that are healthier and better for children’s teeth.
For older children, brush your teeth at least twice a day. Also, look at the number of snacks that contain sugar you give your children.
The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends visits every six months to the pediatric dentist, beginning on the first birthday of your child. Routine visits will begin your child in a lifetime of good dental health.
Your pediatric dentist may also recommend protective sealants or fluoride home treatments for your child. Sealants can be applied to your child’s molars to prevent tooth decay to clean surfaces.
Some of these sources are:
• Excessive fluoride toothpaste at an early age.
• Inadequate use of fluoride supplements.
• hidden sources of fluoride in the child’s diet.
Two and three year olds may not be able to cough up sputum containing fluoride when brushing. As a result, these young people may ingest an excessive amount of fluoride during brushing of teeth. Intake of toothpaste during this critical period of development of permanent teeth is the major risk factor in the development of fluorosis.
Excessive and inadequate consumption of fluoride supplements may also contribute to fluorosis. Fluoride drops and tablets as well as fortified fluoride vitamins should not be given to infants under six months of age. After that time, fluoride supplements should only be given to children after all sources of fluoride ingested have been counted and on the recommendation of their pediatrician or pediatric dentist.
Certain foods contain high levels of fluoride, especially powdered infant formula, soy infant formula, infant dry cereal, spinach cream and baby chicken products. Please read the label or contact the manufacturer. Some beverages also contain high levels of fluoride, especially decaffeinated teas, white grape juices, and juice drinks made in fluoridated cities.
Parents can take the following steps to reduce the risk of fluorosis in their child’s teeth:
• Use a toothbrush cleaner on the toothbrush of very young children.
• Place only a pea drop of children’s toothpaste on the brush when brushing.
• Account for all sources of fluoride taken before you request fluoride supplements from your doctor or pediatric dentist.
• Avoid giving any fluoride-containing supplement to children until they are at least 6 months old.
• Get fluoride test results in drinking water before giving fluoride supplements to your child (check with local water companies).
Mouthguards help prevent broken teeth and lesions on the lips, tongue, face, or jaw. An appropriately fitted mouth guard will stay in place while your child takes it, making it easy for them to talk and breathe.
Ask your pediatric dentist about custom and shop at the mouth guards shop.